Electric Vehicle Charging Stations in HOAs:
Electric Vehicle ownership is on the rise, especially in densely populated states, owning an electronic vehicle is more cost-effective and environmentally friendly. In some states, homeowners are allowed to install an electric vehicle charging station in deeded or exclusive-use parking spaces. In single family communities, residents are allowed to install a personal charging station, however many HOAs are now considering the steps it takes to offer EV charging stations in community parking areas.
Here are some points for the HOA to consider before installing a communal electronic vehicle charging station:
How Many Residents are Actually Going to Use It?
It’s a good idea to take a survey of your community and make sure you have enough residents in need of a charging station to justify the cost of an EV charging station installation.
Know Your Charging Station Tech
There are two types of charging stations: Level One and Level Two – a level one charging station is a standard, low or no cost option which uses a 120-volt AC wall outlet. The charging process is slow, however can be implemented at almost zero cost to the HOA. A Level Two charging station is the preferred, professionally installed unit. It can cost several thousand dollars to install; however charging a car will only take 3-6 hours, vs. a Level One unit which requires the vehicle to charge overnight.
Ask a Pro
Encourage the Board to meet with an electrical contractor to help assess your community’s needs. Speaking with a professional and having them analyze your preliminary data will ensure your Board is making the right decision for the community at the right price for installation and equipment.
Compile Your Costs
What is the installation fee? Are you going to raise assessments or charge residents individually? If you charge residents individually, are you going to use a meter or allow them to use their credit card per use? Who is going to be responsible for the month-to-month electricity usage fees? At a few hundred dollars per car, per year, the usage costs need to be projected properly.
Establish Ownership and Management
Make certain you check the HOA CC&Rs for requirements of the Board and vote the decision through properly. Finally, make sure you delegate ownership and management responsibilities between your HOA and any second or third party management companies.
Electronic vehicles are paving the way for a more environmentally, community conscious civilization. Answering these questions now will help your HOA prepare for a brighter future as well as offer a more attractive, functional amenity to your community.